Pendekatan holistik FNPF berarti bahwa proyek pembangunan komunitas merupakan bagian integral dari satwa liar FNPF yang & konservasi habitat metodologi. Komunitas kami proyek pembangunan bertujuan untuk:
- Show that FNPF cares about the local communities in addition to caring for wildlife and habitat. (Local communities often resent NGOs because they perceive they care more for wildlife than people.)
- Demonstrate how conservation can bring benefit to the local people
- Educate and teach practical methods to achieve conservation in harmony with community wellbeing.
Fokus utama kami untuk proyek-proyek pembangunan masyarakat di Kalimantan telah di Desa Tanjung Harapan (juga dikenal sebagai desa Sekonyer), on the opposite side of the Sekonyer to Tanjung Puting National Park. Desa ini terletak dekat situs reboisasi FNPF di Pesalat dan Beguruh dalam Taman Nasional, and it is where most of our employees are from.
The Sekonyer Village is located on the border of the National Park of Tanjung Puting. Saat ini, village population includes approximately 540 people from different areas: Melayu, Bugis, Madura dan Jawa.
Conflict often rises between villagers and park authority when it comes to forest protection as the village has been gradually losing the forest and with it its main economic resources. After centuries of nomadic farming, berburu, penangkapan ikan, and wood collection, hari ini saja 20% of the forest once belonged to Sekonyer village is left.
Lingkungan degradasi di Desa Sekonyer dan di Taman Nasional Tanjung Puting telah mencapai tingkat memprihatinkan. Sekonyer River was once used as the main resource of clean water by the inhabitants of this area. But more recently, the pollution from the illegal mining upstream has contaminated the river water and its ecosystem with mercury.
Sementara, there are still wide expanses of open swamp area, kritis kiri ke kelapa sawit perusahaan perkebunan dan pertambangan.
With the guidance of FNPF, a group of farmers who have joined the group “Sekonyer Lestari” have committed to protecting the remaining forest and implementing reforestation projects in the surrounding area. Although the group has more than 20 anggota, limited access to transportation and lack of knowledge to manage nature resources are still substantial challenges that the community faces.
Five girls from Tanjung Harapan village that received FNPF’s scholarships have become the first girls from the village to finish high school between 2000 - 2005. Before the program was started, parents often only sent boys to receive education after primary school. This scholarship has made a positive impact and parents in the village are now more willing to send girls to receive further education.
FNPF’s conservation education program promotes conservation awareness in the young generation. The program was started in 2000 as we visited some high schools at Pangkalan Bun, ibukota Kabupaten Kota Waringin Barat di mana Tanjung Puting National Park berlokasi. Initially run as an extra curricular activity for one high school, the program included lectures and opportunities for students to attend field trips in the park twice a year in order to receive practical, hands-on knowledge about conservation of wildlife and habitat. Di 2007, the high school adopted our conservation program as part of their standard curriculum, and currently all students now receive conservation education.
For many years, the people at Tanjung Harapan did not believe they could keep cows successfully. Banyak telah mencoba sebelumnya, tetapi sapi-sapi terus sekarat. In 2003, we donated five cows to five different farmers and proviDid training in livestock management. Seekor sapi dapat memberikan keluarga dengan pasokan secara teratur susu, ditambah pupuk untuk tanah (yang mengikat dengan kami dicampur & organic farming program). In 2008, anak sapi lahir di desa untuk pertama kalinya dalam sejarah mereka. This has encouraged more villagers to keep their own cows, and it has also resulted in the local government and the park authority donating another 15 sapi ke desa.
Agro-kehutanan dan dicampur, pertanian organik
Agro-kehutanan bergeser dari tradisional petani tebang-dan-bakar pertanian untuk pendekatan campuran. Slash-dan-bakar menyebabkan izin lengkap dari vegetasi, yang memperlihatkan lapisan tipis tanah terhadap erosi yang parah dan lembur membuat tanah berguna untuk pertanian. Selain itu, fires from slash-and-burn farming can cause the underlying peat to ignite, releasing huge volumes of stored carbon into the atmosphere and uncontrollable fires to spread into the national park. Agro-forestry and mixed farming (terutama jika organik) menyediakan petani dengan pendapatan berkelanjutan lebih tinggi dan lebih. Plus, it is more harmonious with native wildlife and habitat. Agro-forestry allows a variety of trees to deliver incomes over different periods of time, sementara di bawah berbagai sayuran (sebaiknya organik) dapat tumbuh.
There has been a constant growth in tourism activity in Tanjung Puting National Park since the 1980s, but unfortunately, very little benefit has filtered down to the villagers of Tanjung Harapan. Di 2006, FNPF began a program to teach ecotourism to a group of people. The ecotourism prgram we designed for the village involves a camping and trekking tour in the national park. We donated tents and camp cooking utensils and built a camping platform at Pesalat, dekat ke daerah reboisasi FNPF itu. In addition, FNPF secured exclusive rights from the national park authority for the village to run camping tours in the park. Ini berarti bahwa penduduk desa tidak harus bersaing dengan operator tur didirikan. The park authority has close control on the activity because they only interface with one single party, dan operator tur telah produk lain untuk dijual kepada wisatawan.
The villagers now interact directly with the tourists who describe the beauty of the nature that they seek to see in the park and tell the villagers why they like to visit. This has resulted in the villagers’ recognition of the need to protect the wildlife and habitat; not only to generate income from tourism, tetapi juga karena kesombongan mereka miliki untuk lingkungan mereka.
Seni dan Budaya pelestarian
FNPF has also revitalized some of the Malay traditional arts such as the “Gambus” traditional music, "Tirik" tarian tradisional, "Tennisfest haus dijadwalkan Desember Silat" seni bela diri tradisional, and “Batimung” traditional sauna / spa. We run courses at the village that allow the young generation to learn from the older generation to prevent the arts from being forgotten forever. We also promote this as a tourist attraction, dan dalam 2006 we organized the first arts festival at Tanjung Harapan village which included performances of many aspects of the Malay tradition including cooking, kerajinan, tarian, olahraga dan spiritual item.