Nusa Penida, BALI
2nd kvartalsrapport - År 2010
April - MAJ-Jun
Wildlife Protection, Habitat Restaurering, Fællesskabet Wellbeing
I 2010, Venner af National Parks Foundation har ramt jorden kører fortsat med vores løbende og konsekvent indsats de sidste par år i Naturfredningsbestemmelserne. På Bali Bird Sanctuary på Nusa Penida disse aktiviteter med fokus på fugle rehabilitering og overvågning af tidligere udgivne fugle, herunder Bali Stær (Leucopsar rothschildi), Mitchell's Lorikeet (Tricoglosus haematodus mitchellii), De Små Svovl-crested Cockatoo ( Cacatua sulphurea parvula) and the Moustache pareakeet (Bandar alexandri). Observation resultater viste, at der var udsving i befolkningen, især de Bali Stær.
Bortset fra aktiviteter med direkte tilknytning til dyr, andre støtteaktiviteter såsom rehabilitering af landområdet, conservation education and community development continued with the objective to maintain the strong working relationship and support given by the local community for FNPF’s activities.
II. Rapport om Bird Release
II. 1 Observation on the Bali Starling ( Leucopsar rothschildi)
The Bali Starling monitoring was continued in cooperation with the Begawan Foundation and the local community. Our information and observations about this highly endangered species relies on the efforts of our staff observation and information contributed by local people.
We are pleased to report there were some reproduction activities during this period. There are now two additional proven pairs which makes a total of eight. The most exiting part is that one of the new proven pairs conists of two birds that are wild bred! One of the two babies produced by the pair that was nesting in April at Banjar can be found at Ped village. One baby was found on the ground at Biaung village and one of the people from the village brought it to our office. This act of care for the birds demonstrates the interest and commitment to their well being by the local community. This is especially important, knowing that these birds are extremely valuable and could fetch upwards of US$1,000 for sale to the caged bird market.
No new birds were observed in May. But in June, a new pair was observed nesting / breeding on nearby Lembongan island. This pair is also a wild bred pair. This is exciting news because it shows that the birds are spreading across the 3 islands to breed.
The number of birds that were observed for each month during this period were ranged from 85 April; 81 Maj; 74 Juni. Note that we have 1 staff member that does the bird monitoring every day. He visits about 25 locations where we know that the birds frequent. Tilsvarende, he works with the villagers so that they notify FNPF of any new locations where the birds are sighted.
II.2 Observation på Mitchell's Lorikeet (Tricoglosus haematodus mitchellii)
The Mitchell’s Lorikeet is still occassionally observed around the office area. At least one of the 3 released birds comes periodically to the office area. The three lorikeets that we are rehabilitating are expected to be ready for release in July 2010.
II.3 Observation af Lesser Sulphur-crested Cockatoo (Shit Svovl parvula)
During this period the released male that was already close to one of the wild females continued to have very good interactions with her but there has been no sign yet that they are going to breed.
The female that we took back to the office for rehabilitation is already able to fly like a wild bird but does not move too far from our center. Dog, she has started to spend some nights outside of our office area at the Dalem Bungkut Temple area (about 300 m from our office) and Adegan village (about 500 m from our office area). She is demonstrating her ability to get food such as Jamaican Cherry (Muntingea carabula) frugt, Morringga uleifera seed, Rød perle Tree (Adenanthera microsperma ) seed, Api Api fruit (local name) and chilli from the wild. This particular female also eats young leaves and buds especially Ficus sp.
The breeding and release program for the Lesser Sulphur Crested Cockatoo was presented to the Bali Government on April 6, 2010. Our application for the import permit is currently with the Forestry Department in Jakarta and we are waiting for government approval to bring the bird to Bali. We hope the Forestry Department in Jakarta will give their support as readily as the Bali Government has done.
We are also looking for supporters who are willing to contribute toward the cost of building breeding cages for ten pairs of cockatoo on Nusa Penida. The cost for each of the 10 cages is approximately U$ 1,500. Please contact FNPF if you think you can help, or if you would like to organise a fund raising event for this specific item.
II.4 Java Sparrow (Frog oryzivora) Breeding, Rehabilitation and Release Program
Despite this bird not being on the Endangered list, we recognise that their numbers in Bali and elsewhere in Indonesia are already greatly reduced. We fear that they are at risk of becoming Critically Endangered. They are currently available to buy in Bali bird markets, but are rare to be seen in the wild in Bali. They were once very common all over Bali.
Based on our previous experience of releasing these birds, we believe that releasing the sparrows in higher numbers increases their chances of survival from predators. We are now starting to breed this bird in order to build the population up enough for a release event. At our center we currently have 16 adults birds. We would like to increase this number to have 100 birds to release together. We hope we will find more birds in the future for our breeding stock so we can build our population faster.
II.5 Observation on Red Lory (Eos Borneo)
Begge Red Lory fortsat ofte vises rundt Ped landsby
II.6 Moustache Parakit (Psitacula alexandri)
We have still only found one of the Moustache Parakeets, en uparret fugl, omkring vores kontorareal. De to andre par blev ikke observeret i denne periode.
III. Støtte til Aktiviteter
III.1 Conservation Uddannelse
During May and June, conservation education activities were minimal due to the schools’ focus on new students for the 2010-2011 academic year and identifying new students who would like to join this program. One exciting development is that one of our committed donors in Australia, Patricia McWhirter, will sponsor and raise funds for a teacher from the local high school in Nusa Penida to visit and promote this program to some schools in Australia. This activity is one of our initial steps to increase collaboration between FNPF and Cardinea Environment Coalition, and also between high schools in Nusa Penida and high schools in Melbourne. We hope this will give benefit to all of us and the future generations.
III.2 Land Rehabilitering
FNPF’s planting activities were focused on seedling propagation and maintenance of seedlings that were previously planted. At the end of June we had 29,528 seedlings ready to be planted during the upcoming rainy season. These seedlines consist of eleven species including: Hvid teak (Gmelina arborea), Jamaicanske kirsebær (Muntingea calabura), Silk træ (Albizia chinensis), Aben (Albizia Saman), Kassof træ (Cassia siamea), Palm, Kontakt (Azadirachta indica), Tropiske mandel (Terminalia catapa), og Bead træ (Adenanthera microsperma).
Bortset fra disse, alt 6,566 seedlings were acclimatized at our nursery, herunder: Kontakt, (Azadirachta indica), Monkey Pod (Albezia saman), Cassuf Wood (Casea seamia), Psidium sp , Nut Soap Tree (Sapindus sp), Jamaicanske kirsebær (Muntingea carabula). Fra disse, 4,186 were taken and planted by local community members during this period. This number was a bit higher than expected due to an unusually long rainy season.
III.2.1 Planting at Tanglad the reforestation site
We did not do detailed monitoring for this period because there was an unusually long rainy season. Dog, we did observe that most of the saplings were growing well during this period.
III.3 Community Development
I begyndelsen af 2010, FNPF fortsat udvikling af lokalsamfundet program (se nedenfor) with the objective of maintaining support given by Nusa Penida residents for FNPF’s programs.
III.3.1 Bambus plaanting
During the second quarter, the bamboo, aktiviteter var koncentreret om sætteplante formering og overvågning beause dette program er ved at blive gennemgået af vores donorer. The survival rate of all of our bamboo is 82.6% and we still have more than 26,000 træer. We are in the process of doing carbon sequestering research on the bamboo that we have planted which will continue into next quarter.
III.3.2 Frø til Bali Program
De frøplanter for dette program, which was funded by Pt. Bank Danamon Indonesien Open (Danamon) og American Express Card medlemmer, have shown good results in terms of survival rate. In some places they have also showed very good growth. We will do yearly monitoring at the end of the rainy season (usually around July) for this project because the seedlings are now well established.
III.3.3 Børns Traditionel Dance Class
Børnenes traditionelle danse klasser fortsat blive afholdt på grund af FNPF kontor på Ped og Batumadeg. Klasser afholdes to gange om ugen. På disse to steder, Antallet af studerende, der deltager, er mellem 40 til 50 på hver klasse dag
We are currently able to provide scholarships for three high school students with support from a private donor, Marcella Pierce, and send one of our local staff to Veterinary Faculty in Udayana University with support from a group of Australian sponsors, Patricia Corbit, Patricia McWhirter and Elaine Cebuliak. We also have commitment from Humane Society International (Australien) to sponsor 41 students to attend high school … one student from each of the 41 landsbyer på øen.
IV.1 En halv ko Appel
The cow that we got from this appeal is still pregnant and we hope we will have a calf by the end of next quarter. We hope we can encourage more people to support this appeal.
IV.2 School Visit Scientific Research
The master’s degree student who was doing scientific research during the previous quarter has finished her data collection for the wet season. She will continue her research when the dry season comes again.
På trods af igangværende begrænsede midler ledighed, vi formår at fastholde vores arbejde med god støtte fra lokalsamfundet og de lokale myndigheder. We hope to have additional financial support to ensure the long term survival of the Bali Bird Sanctuary on Nusa Penida and to continue to improve the quality and breadth of our work in wildlife conservation, genplantning, skovlandbrug, environmental education and community development.